|BABA QUTUB||BABA FARID||MEHBOOB PAK||SABIR PAK||CHIRAG DELHI|
|BANDANAWAZ||BU ALI SHAH||AMIR KHUSRAO||MUJADDID A'SANI||WARIS PAK|
AULIA E HIND
His name was Abul Hasan,
pseudonym Amir Khusrau, and title Yamin Uddin. His poetic name (pseudonym)
became so popular that people forgot his original name. He was a great and
prolific poet. He wished not had a title similar to the rich men and
mentioned it to the Mahboobe-e-Ilahi. He said, "On the day of Resurrection
People will call you Mohammed's admirer."
His first tutor was his
father who died when he was nine years old and his maternal
grand father, Imad Ul Mulk, took over the responsibility of
their education and up-bringing. His two elder brothers also
gave their attention to his education. Consequently, he
acquired proficiency in all material and intellectual
subjects and was regarded a scholar of high repute. He was
an intelligent and prolific poet, and sang melodiously
innovated Qawwali, and invented several musical instruments.
In addition to, he was a good prose writer.
Despite his association with the court he continued to pray and meditate and traveled speedily on the road of conduct. Every night he recited seven chapters of the Qu'Oran melodiously after the Tahajjud prayer. The chronicles mention that he kept fasts continuously for forty years. He was engrossed every time in the intense love of God. There was so much incinerating heat generated in his heart that whatever he wore burnt on the chest. Hazrat Nizammuddin once said about it "If asked on the Resurrection day what have you brought? I would say the heat from the bosom of the Turk."
his teacher deeply and spent most of his time with him. His
teacher 'Hazrat Nizam-Uddin loved him more than any other of
his disciples even more than his spiritual heir, Hazrat
Nasir Uddin Roshan Chiragh Dehlavi. Once the Mahboob-e-Ilahi
said, "I am annoyed by all, even by myself sometimes but
never by you."
Some Anecdotes from Amir Khusrau's Life
It is said that Khusrau, at the
age of eight years, was coerced by his mother to visit the saint's KHANQAH
(monastery) for the first time. When he reached there, he didn't enter at once -
he wanted to test him out. He sat down at the gate and composed the following
lines in his heart :
It is said that Nizamuddin Aulia at
once asked one of his servants to go out at the gate and narrate the following
lines to a boy who is sitting there :
Hearing this Khusrau
decided that he has come to the right place and entered.
Nizamuddin Aulia and Khusrau sat one morning on the banks of river Yamuna looking at the people bathing and worshipping. Nizamuddin Aulia drew Khusrau's attention to them saying :
Har qaum raast raahay, deenay wa qibla
Incidently Nizamuddin Aulia wore his cap in a slightly crooked way, to which Khusrau pointed and said :
Men qibla raast kardam, ber terf-e
Khusrau was walking in a market-place
with some of his music shaagirds (disciples), when they came across a
shop where a Dhunia (a cotton-carder) was carding cotton with his
traditional dhunki (a large, crude wire contraption that is plucked and
sounds more like a modern-day cello). Khusrau and his disciples were very
fascinated with the sounds this instument created and stood there for a while
listening to its rhythmic melody. One of Khusrau's shaagirds wondered, "How
would it be, Sir, if we were to convert these sounds into words?" Khusrau
responded quickly by imitating the Dhunki sounds into the following
track in Persian :
Khusrau was walking on the road one
morning when he felt thirsty, and saw a few young women filling their pots on a
well. He approached the well and asked the women if they could give him some
water. One of the girls recognized him and told others that this is Khusrau who
composes riddles and songs. All four women decided to some fun. They refused to
give water to Khusrau unless he composes a new riddle for them. Khurso said,
"Ok. I'll make you a riddle, but what should it be about?" The women started
thinking and each one came up with her own option - one said kheer
(rice pudding), the second one demanded diya (lamp), the third one
asked for kutta (dog) and the fourth one's choice was dhol
(drum). Khusrau is supposed to have told them the following verse
Kheer pakaai jatan say, charkha diya jalaa;
The Sweetness of Verse
Khusrau once read out a ghazal which so pleased his pir Nizamuddin Aulia that the latter asked him if he had any wish to be fulfilled. Khusrau said he wished his verse be filled with sweetness. To which Nizamuddin Aulia said, "Ok, Go get that tray from beneath my cot". He pointed.
Khusrau brought the tray which had some suger in it. Nizamuddin Aulia asked him to eat some and also pour some on his head. Khusrau obeyed him, and claimed that he has attained the sweetness in his poetry ever since.
A poor man came to Nizamuddin Aulia
asking for alms at a time when there was nothing left in the khaneqah to be
given. The saint expressed his helplessness, but pointed to a torn and tattered
pair of sandals that belonged to him, saying if those could be of any help to
the poor man, he could take them. The faqir, having no choice, decided to take
them any way, and left. When he was on his way to some other city, he met Amir
Khusrau who was returning from his royal journey with camels and horses loaded
with wealth. Khusrau sensed something odd as he met this man, and told him
"Bu-e Shaikh mi aayad, Bu-e Shaikh mi
This man dejectedly told him the story about how he could only get these sandals from Nizamuddin Aulia.
It is said that Khusrau after seeing his pir's belongings decided to trade his entire entourage of wealth for this pair of sandals, placed them on his head and came rushing to see Nizamuddin Aulia. His pir saw the sandals and asked Khusrau how he found them. When Khusrau told him about the price he has paid for them, Nizamuddin Aulia said, "Arzaan khareedi". (Well, you 've got them quite cheap).
Dance to denounce the world
It is said that Amir Khusrau was once present in a
mehfil of Sam’a (Assembly of music-listening) at the khaneqah of
Nizamuddin Aulia, when he got so ecstatic with the music that he stood up and
almost started dancing. Nizamuddin Aulia waved at him to sit down, and said “you
shouldn’t dance, you are a worldly man.” He further added : “If you must dance,
then do it in such a way that your hands are raised to the sky as if calling out
to God, and your feet should hit the earth as if denouncing
Sultan Jalaluddin Khalaji once expressed to Khusrau his desire to meet Nizamuddin Aulia but asked him not to disclose his plan to the saint. Khusrau was perplexed in the beginning, but finally couldn’t keep his promise and told Nizamuddin Aulia about Sultan’s desire. His pir who did not wish to meet the king left the Khaneqah for a far away place on the fixed day. When the Sultan came to know about this, he asked Khusrau why he betrayed him. Khusrau replied that in betraying the king he risked only his life in this world, but in betraying his spiritual king he would be risking his Iman (faith), and his afterlife. The Sultan was left speechless.
HAZRAT AMIR KHUSRAU WORKS-