Hazrat Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty arrived in Ajmer at the age of 52 in 587 AH or 1191 AD on his divine mission, unique in the annals of Islam and also in the history of India. As we have seen, for the success of his grand mission he had already been suitably trained by his Pir-o-Murshid Hazrat Khawaja Usman Harooni and divinely equipped by the blessings of the Holy Prophet Mohammed. He was thus an apostle of Allah dedicated to the cause of Truth which "always and invariably prevails though in the long run." His only armor for the success of his great mission was that greatest invisible power that pervades and sustains the whole universe.
Truth Always Prevails
Again and again through all successive ages, the apostles of Allah have successfully fought and defeated the forces of evil. Prophet Dawood succeeded in overthrowing Goliath. Prophet Ibraham survived the torture of a huge fire made by Namrood to destroy him but it turned into a garden of fragrant flowers and Namrood himself was destroyed by a gnat. In spite of all torture, the Holy Christ and his religion did survive even after his crucifixion and the Holy Prophet gave noble lessons of Christianity to the world. Prophet Mohammed was tormented by Abu Jehal and Abu Lehab with superior forces but he succeeded triumphantly in the end with his grand religious mission. The whole history of the world is replete with such illuminating and noble examples of the success of 'Truth' against evil and repeats itself again and again. Whenever and wherever there is a struggle between Truth and falsehood the former is ultimately a victor. Raja Prithvi Raj of Ajmer unfortunately adopted a false policy of arrogance, persecution and insult against a harmless dervish and had to go down before the divine dispensation of the Almighty Allah.
Natural & Inevitable
Whenever the 'Divine will' ordains to inspire a band of righteous people to work as "Torchbearers of Truth" to a corrupt humanity, there never fails to appear a band of those diehards who pitch themselves in deadly opposition to inflict on the victims all sorts of tortures and troubles. Truth and Righteousness come out all the more shining when tried and tested by hardships and such a period of adversity cannot also fail to bring out the best character in the martyrs, their patience fortitude, humiliation unflinchingly faith, etc. In fact they live if they can for the Truth and die, if they must for the Truth. Moral perfection can be attained and moral virtue can reach their highest standard of persecution. And the ultimate success after fighting against odds, goes to prove beyond all doubt how the "Divine Movement " and the Divine help and guidance work behind it. Their severe trials are so to say, a blessing in disguise. In the furnace of trials and persecution the one of character becomes burnished gold. Adversity and hardships bring out some of the finest qualities in man. They either make of him an everlasting character, the light which shall shine always and everywhere or reduce him to nothingness and oblivion. Therefore those who aspire after success must be prepared to tread the road of hardships and trials.
Greatest Preacher Of Islam In India
It is a historic fact that Hazrat
Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty was the greatest preacher and founder of
Islam in India. It was he who laid the real foundation of Islam in
India by his peaceful mission and unparalleled forbearance. He
brought the message of 'Universal Love and Peace' and paved the way
for his succeeding Khalifas for the peaceful propagation of Islam in
this country without any compulsion whatsoever in the true spirit of
the Holy Quran which says, "Let there be no compulsion in religion.
Wilt thou compel men to become believers? No soul can believe but by
the persuasion of Allah." Khawaja Moinuddin followed this dictum
through out his mission. Before his arrival, Muslims in India were
in a most negligible minority. His piety and sympathetic preaching
made a profound impression upon all he came across.
Miracles & Sufi Derveshes
The 'Karamaat' or miracles, which
formed a most prominent part of Khawaja Moinuddin life and mission,
have always been intimately associated with the lives of other Sufi
saints and Hindu seers in the East. As a matter of fact, miracles
emanate from the supernatural powers bestowed upon these holy
persons by Allah as the result of their life long devotion,
probation (Mujahedas) and trials, and are beyond the scope of common
conception of ordinary human beings, their experiences and
knowledge. Modern science and logic have no place in the 'hidden'
calculation and determination of miracles. They are displayed only
when there is a great emergency to justify them. In fact they are
used as a `last remedy' when all other common sense persuasion
failed to convince the devil in man or the teachings and principles
of the divine doctrines of Truth or the laws of Allah, in order to
maintain a harmonious equilibrium among mankind in the "Divine
Scheme of Allah." so essential for the happiness of His creation on
earth. Highly talented and enlightened Sufis and seers are extremely
few and rare in this age. They are ranked as Walis in Muslim
terminology who as the lives of Khawaja Moinuddin and others of his
most distinguished order prove, were obliged to use their
supernatural powers to meet the circumstances of each situation
strictly in accordance with the divine law and will in the cause of
Truth and nothing else.
Persistent Prejudice & Attacks
The priests had carried the news of palpable miracles to Raja Prithviraj who naturally got furious in spite of his mother's warning to control his temper. She reminded him calmly of her 12-year-old prophecy about the entry of a fakir in his kingdom and warned him to treat the dervish with restraint if he wanted to preserve his kingdom. But the warning did not pacify the Raja. He lost no time in summoning one of his most trusted councilors, Ajaipal, (who was also his spiritual 'guru') for an urgent conference. Ajaipal was recognized to be the greatest exponent of the sciences of black art magic and witchcraft, astronomy, astrology, and the like. He also expounded these sciences to many hundreds of his chelas (disciples). When he heard the news of Khawaja Sahib's miracles, he assured the Raja not to worry at all and informed him that this fakir was only a fake juggler of occult sciences and that he would turn him out of Ajmer without any difficulty. He advised Prithviraj to go to the fakir with his bodyguard, promising to follow him very soon with his own army of chelas and the necessary paraphernalia of his witchcraft etc. to meet the emergency.
Ajaipal's Magic Attacks
While on his way to Khawaja Sahib, Prithviraj fired by his lingering wrath, thought of hurting the saint terribly but as soon as this evil thought occurred, he lost his vision and could not move forward. But when he recollected his mother's pacifying warning to treat the fakir reverently his heart suddenly softened and he regained his eyesight. By the time he actually appeared before the saint, he had such miraculous experiences no less than 7 times. At last when he reached Anasagar, he was encouraged to see Ajaipal also arriving at the spot in time with his promised troop of disciples.
Ajaipal immediately started one of
his magical attacks upon the unarmed and peaceful saint whose few
followers got frightened for a while. To ward off their fear, the
Khawaja Sahib asked them to draw a circle on the ground around their
party for protection against Ajaipal's magical attacks which
produced horrible scenes.
Having lost his battles, Ajaipal
now embraced Islam, and became one of Khawaja Sahib's devoted
disciples. He now requested the saint to show his unique position in
the realm of the spiritual world as promised by him and wonderland
of the 7th heaven through Khawaja Sahib's spiritual powers which had
no limit. Amazed at the wonderful powers of Khawaja Sahib, Ajaipal
aspired to have an 'eternal life' so that he could gain time to seek
Allah's pardon for his past sins. He begged the saint to have this
wish fulfilled and the Khawaja Sahib did pray to the Almighty Allah
accordingly. The prayer was granted on the condition that Ajaipal's
spirit will remain immortal only for the service of mankind,
although he will not be seen in his mortal form which must decay in
due course of time under the unchangeable Divine Law. Although
Ajaipal died in 694 AH and cannot be seen in his mortal form but his
immortal spirit, according to a legend exists for the service of
humanity even to this day. This immortal spirit is known as Abdulla
Bayabani, a name given to him by Khawaja Shaib.
Ghauri who was in Khurasan, dreamt an old Saint, saying :
Ghauri on Expedition to India
Mohammed Ghauri was badly defeated by king Prithvi Raj in the Battle
of Tarain and with great difficulties, he could save himself and
reached Ghazni. Since he wanted to defeat Prithvi Raj, he was
preparing for a war secretly. But he did not expected to go for a
battle against India after such a short span of time.
A Decisive War
the advantage of the opportunity and he ordered for war in the
evening, left the army camp as it is and after taking a long round
of many miles crossed the river in the darkness of the night, and
caught the enemy unaware. The emperor did not loose his senses and
face the attack with a part of his army. Later the rest of his army
also joined him. Rai Pithoraís army was comprised of three thousand
elephants, three lakhs cavalry and a large number of swordsmen,
while king Shahabuddin Ghauri had an army of one lakh twenty
King Shahabuddin at the Feet of Khwaja Sahib
The evening was
falling when Shahabuddin entered Ajmer. He heard Azan which made him
surprised. On inquiring, people told him that some Fakirís who had
arrived a short time ago, used to call like this five times daily.
The king took the direction. The Jamaat for prayers was ready. He
joined it. Gharib Nawaz (R.A) was leading the Namaz.
How could a great Sufi saint, who had renounced all worldly pleasures in his early 'teens', ever think of a married life? Yet Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty was obliged to marry twice at a very advanced age under Islamic Shariat at the commandment of the Holy Prophet. Throughout his blooming youth he was devoutly engaged in his difficult spiritual training under his Pir-o-Murshid, Hazrat Khawaja Usman Harooni, as a whole time devotee. The Sufis, leading a strictly austere and religious life, generally denied matrimony; their only object of life being complete renunciation and staunch dedication to God in the service of Islam and humanity.
When he had settled down in Ajmer, the Khawaja Sahib had a special reminder about his marriage through a 'Basharat' (prophetic dream) from the Holy prophet sometime in 590 AH or 1193 AD. The Prophet said, "O Moinuddin, You are a great preceptor of our religion. You should not depart from our 'sunnah' (meaning marriage which is incumbent upon every Muslim under the laws of Shariat). Coincidentally that very night Malik-a-Khitab devotee of Hazrat Khawaja Sahib, had captured a Raja's daughter in an encounter who embraced Islam and Khawaja sahib, in response to the above reminder, married her giving her the Islamic name of Bibi Ummutulla.
Once again the Khawaja Sahib was
asked to marry (in 620 AH or 1223 AD) Bibi Asmat, daughter of Syed
Wajihuddin Mashhadi who was the commissioner of Ajmer since
Qutubuddin Aibak's regime.
Children From Both Wives
It is an irrefutable fact that
Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty had three sons and one daughter-
Khawaja Sahib's Sons
Khawaja Fakhruddin, the eldest son of Hazrat Khawaja Sahib, was a great dervish and followed strictly in the footsteps of his illustrious father. He spent most of his time in spiritual development with Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia of Delhi who was himself a great and well-known Sufi dervish. He adopted agriculture as his profession and lived in a village (Mandal) near Ajmer. He is reported to have died in 1265 AD and is buried at Sarwar, 37 miles from Ajmer on the Ajmer-Kekri Road which is an attraction to hundreds of pilgrims during his Urs every year.
Khwaja Sahib loved his eldest son
very much. When the officer distributed him for the land in his
possession, Khwaja Sahib himself went to Delhi and obtained document
from Sultan Shamshuddin Altamash in favor of his son and came back
One day Khwaja Sahib was sitting in
the Jama Masjid of Ajmer. His close disciple and friends were also
present. He was talking about Angle of Death. Suddenly he turned
towards Shaik Ali Sanjar R.A. and asked to write the order of the
Khilafat for Khwaja Bakhtiyar Kaki R.A. Qutub Sahib was also present
there. Khwaja Sahib put his cap on Qutub Sahib's head, made him wear
his turban, gave his scepter in his head as well, Musalla, the Holy
Quran and the slippers also awarded to him and said-
THE GREAT SAINT OF AJMER
SAID : -
Mystery Of Khawaja Saheb's Death
On the night of 5th of Rajab 634 AH the great saint as usual, retired to his cell after the 'Isha' prayer (the prescribed time of this prayer is between 8-30 p.m. and midnight) and closed the door, instructing his attending devotees not to disturb him that night. They stayed away but heard a noise of something like 'wajd' (ecstasy) throughout that particular night. In the early hours of the morning, this noise however ceased. When as usual, the door of the cell did not open at the time of the morning prayers (5 to 6am), anxiety was felt all round and ultimately it was forced open by Khawaja Saheb's devotees. Their great saint had relinquished his mortal remains and the following sentence in Arabic was radiantly glittering on his forehead
Certain Friends of Allah Taala saw Rasool Allah (S.A.W.) in their
dreams, who said, "Moinuddin is a Friend of the Lord, I have come to
welcome (receive) him."
Death Of Khawaja Saheb
The passing away of Hazrat Khawaja Moinuddin (may
peace of god be upon his soul) from this world to the next which
took place on 6th of Rajab 633 AH (1233 AD) at the age of 97 was
also one of the greatest mysteries of his life.