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"ENDOWMENTS & FINANCES"

 No property of any kind was endowed in favor of the Dargah Sharif until the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar who, in 1567, granted it the revenue of eighteen villages, and a levy of 1 per cent on the sale of salt at Sambhar (Rajasthan), to pay for the distribution of food from the shrine. Another document (1574-5) from Akbar's reign shows that the emperor provided oil for the lamps within the mausoleum. The pargana of Sambhar was to provided 1 maun of oil annually for this purpose.
 
 Shah Jahan issued a new farman in 1637 in place of Akbar's endowing the shrine with lands producing Rs. 15,723 per annum in rent from seventeen villages, and Rs. 10,057 in cash. The management was directed to use this to defray the cost of the 'urs, distribution of food, the lighting of the mausoleum, prayer carpets, flowers for the tomb, prayer leaders for the shrine's mosques, the muezzin, reciters of the Quran, servants for the shrine, and good works in general. In 1717 Farukh Siyar granted two more villages to the Dargah Sharif, which added Rs. 3,984 per annum to the income of the shrine.
 
 The next bequest came in 1850 when the Nizam of Hyderabad issued an order that the entire income from certain villages in the suba of Berar should be assigned to the Ajmer Dargah Sharif. This estate was worth Rs. 6,480 per annum. When this part of the state of Hyderabad fell into British hands the Nizam issued a new sanad to give the Dargah Sharif another estate. This second grant, made on 23rd Shawwal, AH 1278/23 April 1862, was worth Rs. 18,471 per annum.
 
 From 1893 onwards the Nizam gave Rs. 12,000 per annum from the waqf income of the Hyderabad state to the Dargah Sharif, of which one share went to the mutawalli and was used for the expenses of the langar, scents, sandal, and other requirements for the tomb; and the other to the Khuddam Hazraat. The Nizam also granted 1200 rupees a year to the Dargah Moinia Usmania School, and about 600 rupees a month for the new Naqqar-Kaana, etc. In 1948, the Nizam set up a charitable trust to benefit the Dargah Sharif.

 Offereings to the Dargah Sharif

  A substantial proportion of the Dargah Sharif's revenue has always come from offerings made by devotees. The visits of the Emperor Akbar were always marked by his making generous gifts, which the Akbarnama extols:
 
 He divided a large sum of money among those who sat at the threshold of the shrine. Dirbams and dinars were showered down like rain-drops.
 
 In AH 988/1580-1, Akbar sent his son, Prince Daniyal, with Rs. 25,000 to the Ajmer shrine.
 
 The Tuzuk-i Jahangir records the generosity of Akbar's successor on the occasion of his visits to Ajmer:
 I bestowed on the darvishes with my own hand and in my own presence 55,000 rupees and 190,000 biga of land with 14 entire villages and 26 ploughs and 11 karwar [ass-loads] of rice. On the night of Sunday (Rajab AH 1615), as it was the anniversary of the great khwaja, I went to his revered mausoleum and remained there till midnight. The attendants and Sufis exhibited ecstatic states, and I gave the faqirs and attendants money with my own hand; altogether there were expended 6,000 rupees in cash, 100 saub-kurta [ankle length robes], seventy rosaries of pearls, corals and amber.The servitors of the shrine contract to adhere to the following systems: The offerings will be divided into 5 shares of which, Shaykh Hashim, the son of the late Shaykh Fathullah would receive half of one share. In the fifteenth year of Jahangir's reign (1619) a farman was issued to modify this system. Now the offerings were to be divided into 6 parts of which Shyaykh Hashim would get half of one share. During his reign, Shah Jahan sent a gift of fifty ashrafis to the attendants of the shrine. A sanad had to be issued to ensure that a certain Shaykh Khubullah received his rightful share, and that the mutawalli followed the procedure established in Jahangir's reign.
 
 Remuneration of Other Officials

 The land was assigned from the waqf of the Dargah Sharif, and in case of special need this revenue was supplemented by an allowance of commodities from the Dargah Sharif's stores. The essence of the relevant documents is set out below:
 
 1616-17 30 biga of land from the Dargah Sharif waqf, together with a daily allowance of 2 seers of wheat is assigned to two of the shrine's qawwals and their mother.
 
 Four seers of wheat from the Langar Khana of the Dargah Sharif are to be given daily to the sons of Abd al-Rahman who was killed by lightning.
 
Shaykh Hashim and his brother, Shaykh Ibrahim, maun of wheat from the Dargah Sharif's Langar Khana, and I seer of oil from the Dargah Sharif's waqf is to be given to them.
 
 1617-18 A document confirming the grant of 160 biga of land from the waqf of the Dargah Sharif.
 
 1623-4 Tow seers of wheat from the Langar Khana had been assigned as a daily allowance to Fatimah, daughter of Shaykh Qutub. Fatimah has died, and her sons are now to receive I seer of wheat daily.
 
 1630-1 Two tankas are to be spent daily on flowers for the tomb of Bibi Hafiz Jamal, the dauther of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty. Saiyid Fath Muhammad, khadim of the shrine, is detailed to purchase and present the said flowers.
 
 1646-7 Two qawwals who play in the sama on Thursdays and during the 'urs are assigned 300 biga of land and 5 seers of wheat per day from the waqf of the Dargah Sharif.
 
 1717 One rupee is assigned to Muhammad Saleh, son of Muhammad Daulat from the Waqf of the Dargah Sharif.

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