(Questionnaire) -:What were the verdict of Sunni Scholars on the following.
1. Who is entitled to receive the Nazar offered
to the inhabitant of a Shrine (Sahib-e-Mazar)?
Answer : As per Islamic law, the Khadims of Sahib-e-Mazar are entitled to
receive the Nazar. The Nazar is rather not acceptable if it is not meant for
the Khadims as refered to above because the dead has no right of ownership
and the only intention will be to offer to those associated with the Mazar.
2. Whether the Nazar for Sahib-e-Mazar and
offering for Dargah carry the same idea and conception or both are different
and if so what is the utility of the two ?
Answer : Nazar for the Khadim of Sahib-e-Mazar and donations for Dargah are
two different things. The former ensures the benefit of specific persons
through ownership while later refuses ownership to any specific person. The
benefit is accrued to the administration of the Dargah but these
administrator will not own the Nazar (Dakshina) but it can seek donations (Daan).
Instead they will spend it on the administration and management of Dargah.
The idea behind the former is to seek spiritual benefits from the
Mazar-e-Aqdas through Khadim while the purpose in the later case is to
strengthen and assist the management of Dargah. Hazrat Maulana Abdul Aziz
Mohaddis Dehlvi has also expressed the same opinion in Fatawa-e-Azizia.
3. In general when a Nazar is committed for
fulfillment of some desire, will it be deemed for the Sahib-e-Mazar or for
his Dargah ?
Answer : Although Nazar is restricted for Almighty Allah yet generally it is
made to Auliyas (Saints) as a Wasila (source/medium) to achieve the goal
because the Auliyas are close to Allah. On the contrary Dargah is nothing
but a collection of bricks and stones. It derives all its sanctity only from
Sahib-e-Mazar and a Nazar to Dargah carries no meaning.
4. Any Dargah Committee (Govt. body) has a right
to deprive the Khadim of a Shrine from the income of the Nazar for Sahib-e-Mazar
and create its right thereupon ?
Answer : It is nobody's right to break the law of Shariat. The Islamic
courts have established that the management of Dargah should respect the
convictions and traditions of the past and should never forget the intention
with which a Waqf is created. The Nazar to Dargah is therefore meaningless.
In case of Khadims their forefather Hazrat Khwaja Fakhruddin Gurdezi (R.A.)
served Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty (R.A.) in his life time and
their descendents are serving the Holy Shrine till today, its a matter of
great honour and pride for Khadims and they can never be deprived of their
hereditary rights and duties, adverse human efforts culminating into
5. If the money out of Nazar for Sahib-e-Mazar
is given in the custody of the Dargah Committee (Govt. body) and the Dargah
Committee (Govt. body) spent it for some other purpose instead of spending
it on the Khadims of the Shrine, then would the Nazar be treated as
fulfilled or not.
Answer : According to Allama Abdul Ghani Nabulusi (R.A.) and Hazrat Shah
Sahib Mohaddis Dehlvi the real intention behind offering of Nazar is its
utilization by Khadims of Sahib-e-Mazar. In furtherance to this the abstract
from Hadique-e-Nadiyya is also important to note that Nazar should be
utilized according to the will of that who offers the same. It may therefore
be concluded that Nazar should be spent essentially upon the Khadims of
Sahib-e-Mazar. If spent otherwise it shall not remain a Nazar. And all
knowledge is derived from Allah the great who knows and commands everything.
The Fatawas (religious verdicts)
received from various religious authorities and scholars are summarized below
1. Raddul Mohtar
FI Sharh-e-Durre Mukhtar by Allama Syed Ibn-e-Abidin Shami Hanafi (Kitabus
(Persian) by Shah Rafiuddin son of Shah Waliullah Muhaddis Dehlavi Page 12.
by Mulla Ahmed Jiwan, Ustad of
by Allama Abdul Ghani Nabulusi.
(Persian) by Allama Mohammad Najib Qadiri Chishty Page 14 (Manuscript
Kutubkhana Asifya, Hydrabad, A.P.)
6. Hazrat Allama Ahmed Raza Khan Fazile Barelawi has also confirmed that
acceptance of offerings at a Mazar (Shrine) is the right of its Khadims and
he has further emphasized that the kiths and kins of Saheb-e-Mazar will not
be the beneficiaries. (Fatwa-e-Rizwiyah,
Vol. 4, P. 126, Published by Sunni Darul Ishaat, Mubarakpur, Azamgarh, U.P.)
There is a general consensus among all theologians of four schools of
Islamic jurisprudence about accepting Nazar-o-Niyaz (offerings and
oblations) at any Holy Shrine is solely the prerogative of its Khadims. The
tradition of accepting Nazar-o-Niyaz by the pilgrims exists in its pristine
purity since the inception of the Holy Shrine of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.)